Colorectal Cancer

What Is Colorectal Cancer ?

Colon is a long muscular tube connecting the small intestine to the rectum. The colon is a highly specialised organ that is responsible for processing waste so that emptying the bowels is easy and convenient. The colon removes water from the stool, and stores the solid stool. Once or twice a day it empties its contents into the rectum to begin the process of elimination.

The rectum is an 8-inch chamber that connects the colon to the anus. It is the rectum's job to receive stool from the colon, to let you know that there is stool to be evacuated, and to hold the stool until evacuation happens.

Cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer, and cancer that begins in the rectum is called rectal cancer. Cancers affecting either of these organs also may be called colorectal cancer.

Colorectal cancer occurs when some of the cells that line the colon or the rectum become abnormal and grow out of control. The abnormal growing cells create a tumor.

Key Facts On Colon Cancer


Stage I cancers have a survival rate of 80-95 percent. Stage II tumors have survival rates ranging from 55 to 80 percent. A stage III colon cancer has about a 40 percent chance of cure and a patient with a stage IV tumor has only a 10 percent chance of a cure.
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Treatments Available:-
Surgery
Chemotherapy
Radiation
Immunotherapy
Targeted Therapy
Proton Therapy
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Colon Cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in men and women
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Colon cancer is the most preventable, but least prevented cancer
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Causes and Precaution


Causes Of Colorectal Cancer:

Older age.

Family History Of Colon Cancer

Low Fiber, High Fat diet

Dibetes

Obesity

How Can Colorectal Cancer be Prevented:

Eat a good amount of fruits, vegetable and whole grains

Avoid Smoking

Drink alcohol in moderation if cannot be avoided

Exercise regularly

Maintain a healthy weight


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